Javascript ersetzen aller css background-images durch Retina-Bilder


Wenn man vor dem Problem steht, dass dynamisch generierte CSS background-images verwendet werden, um Bilder auf einer Webseite darzustellen und diese dann auch für Retina Displays gut aussehen sollen, kann man folgendes Skript verwenden. Es überprüft zusätzlich mittels eines Ajax Requests, ob die Bilder vorhanden sind/existieren.

Voraussetzung ist, dass eine Namenskonvention für nicht-Retina Bilder und Retina verwendet wird wie z.B.:

für nicht-Retina Bilder

und

für Retina Bilder

<!--Retina Fix for dynamic background images-->
        <script type="text/javascript">
            function isRetinaDisplay()
            {
                var dpr = 1;
                if(window.devicePixelRatio !== undefined) dpr = window.devicePixelRatio;
                return dpr >= 2;
            }

            var notRetinaString = "@1x";
            var retinaString = "@2x";

            $(document).ready(function() {
                //if we have a retina display
                if(isRetinaDisplay())
                {
                    //select all elements having background images
                    var $elementsWithBackground = $('*').filter(function() {
                        if (this.currentStyle)
                            return this.currentStyle['backgroundImage'] !== 'none';
                        else if (window.getComputedStyle)
                            return document.defaultView.getComputedStyle(this,null)
                                .getPropertyValue('background-image') !== 'none';
                    });
                    //replace their background-image with retina images
                    $elementsWithBackground.each(function( index ) {
                        $backGroundImage = $(this).css('backgroundImage');
                        /*console.log($backGroundImage);*/
                        //when it is no retina image
                        if($backGroundImage.indexOf(notRetinaString) !== -1)
                        {
                            //replace with retina image
                            $newBackgroundRetinaImage = $backGroundImage.replace(notRetinaString,retinaString);
                            $newBackgroundRetinaImageUrl = $newBackgroundRetinaImage.replace('url("','').replace('")','');
                            //check if retina file exists
                            var $myThis = this;
                            $.ajax({
                                url:$newBackgroundRetinaImageUrl,
                                type:'HEAD',
                                cache: true,
                                success:function() {
                                    console.log($newBackgroundRetinaImage);
                                    $($myThis).css('backgroundImage', $newBackgroundRetinaImage);
                                },
                                error:function() {
                                    console.log("no retina image found for: " + $backGroundImage);
                                }
                            });

                        }
                    });
                }
            });
        </script>

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